Ecotones or transitional zones between permanently aquatic and dry terrestrial ecosystems
Ramsar Convention (1971)
Areas of marsh, fen, peat land or water whether natural or artificial,permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh,brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters
Wetland is a generic term for water bodies of various types, and includes diverse hydrological entities, namely lakes, marshes swamps, estuaries, tidal flats, river flood plains and mangroves.
Ramsar convention is the global environment treaty that came in existence in 1971 at Ramsar (Iran) for wise use of wetlands throughout the world. India is signatory to this convention from 1997, today the convention has 135 signatory countries.
Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India
Why Conserve Wetlands?
- Stabilize local climate
- controls floods
- Plays key role in freshwater cycle
- helps in water purification
- retention of pollutants/nutrients/sediment
- Ground water recharge or discharge, maintenance of underground water
- Staging ground for waterfowl, nurseries for fisheries and wildlife
- Recreation and cultural heritage- developing Sustainable Tourism
- Providing food, fuel and livelihoods to local people
- As an educational environment